Affinity Magnetic Beads

Affinity magnetic beads are beads that are coated with a substance that binds to a specific type of molecule. They are commonly used to purify, separate, and concentrate molecules in research and diagnostic applications. The beads are placed in a solution containing the molecule of interest, and they bind to it via the specific affinity coating. The beads are then magnetized, allowing them to be easily separated from the solution. The molecules bound to the beads can then be collected and used for further study or analysis.

Magnetic Beads Selection Guide
Linkers/spacers: Linkers are flexible molecules or stretches of molecules that link two molecules of interest together. The linkers’ property affects the affinity support’s performance in several ways.
  • Linker length: Suppose ligands are small peptide antigens or molecular. In that case, it is best to use a long arm linker (>10 atoms) attached to the support matrix since it can avoid steric hindrance (The ligand is inaccessible to the binding site). Linker length is less critical for large (e.g., protein) antigens since the antigen itself is an effective linker between the support matrix and the epitope.
Linker length for steric hindrance
  • Site-directed immobilization: Using a unique functional group for site-directed immobilization is beneficial for correct orientation, such as sulfhydryl (Using Iodoacetyl Activated Magnetic Beads or Thiol Activated Magnetic Beads) on a single terminal cysteine in a peptide for a small antigen) and carbohydrate residues (Using Hydrazide Terminated Magnetic Beads) on the Fc side for antibodies.
  • Hydrophilic linker: Use a hydrophilic linker to immobilize antigen to the activated support to reduce background noise.
  • Cleavable linker: Use a cleavable linker to separate the target from the solid matrix easily.
  • Functional Group: 

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